Bruno Bauer QuotesBruno Bauer was a German philosopher and theologian. As a student of G. W. F. Hegel, Bauer was a radical Rationalist in philosophy, politics and Biblical criticism.
The pure Christian State is a State in which theological law prevails. This law attains to real power or, to be more exact, absolute power, when through its results which are identical with those of opium, it puts all parts of humanity to sleep. If some occasionally awake they carry out crimes that horrify humanity which has not yet become Christian in the full sense of the word or has already abandoned the Christian framework.
Therefore, criticism has to direct itself against itself, and against the mysterious Substance in which it has up to now hid itself. In this way criticism must resolve things such that the development of this Substance drives itself forward to the Universality and Certainty of the Idea of its actual existence, the Eternal Self-consciousness.
Reason is the true creative power, for it produces itself as Infinite Self-consciousness, and its ongoing creation is…world history. As the only power that exists, Spirit can therefore be determined by nothing other than itself, that is, its essence is Freedom…Freedom is the infinite power of Spirit…Freedom, the only End of Spirit, is also the only End of History, and history is nothing other than Spirit’s becoming *conscious* of its Freedom, or the becoming of Real, Free, Infinite Self-consciousness.