They are done merely for ornament. … the common people regard them as supernatural.
You look upon the seasons with expectation and await them: wy not seize the seasonal opportunities and exploit them?
Human nature is evil, and goodness is caused by intentional activity.
When you concentrate on agriculture and industry and are frugal in expenditures, Heaven cannot impoverish your state.
Since the nature of people is bad, to become corrected they must be taught by teachers and to be orderly they must acquire ritual and moral principles.
Men of all social stations live together: they are equal in their desires, yet vary in their methods; they are equal in their passions, yet different in their intelligence; that is their nature-given vitality.
Thus, anybody who follows this nature and gives way its states will be led into quarrels and conflicts, and go against the conventions and rules of society, and will end up a criminal.
If the impulse to daring and bravery is too fierce and violent, stay it with guidance and instruction.
If what the heart approves conforms to proper patterns, then even if one’s desires are many, what harm would they be to good order?
The drum is surely the lord of music, is it not?
Misery is evil; quarreling, a misfortune. There is only one possibility of avoiding both: a clear division of society. [Otherwise] the strong tyrannize the weak, the intelligent frighten the stupid, the inferior resist the superior, and the young mock the old.
Not having heard something is not as good as having heard it; having heard it is not as good as having seen it; having seen it is not as good as knowing it; knowing it is not as good as putting it into practice.